Thursday, December 23, 2010

Paris Artist's Ball circa 1913 ~ 1932

Le Bal des 4Z'Arts, the Four Arts Ball, began in Montmartre in 1892. It was a carnival-like celebration organized by the graduates from the four different creative disciplines of the l'Ecole Nationale des Beaux-Arts: architecture, painting, sculpture and printing. The bal immediately took on bacchanalian, orgiastic aspects and is credited with the invention of the strip-tease, documented as taking place in front of the Moulin Rouge in 1893. 

Bal participants were obliged to arrived in costume, however after hours of informal parading through the streets of Paris, much of what was worn was removed, resulting in ad-hoc displays of public nudity. Many Parisians and public officials objected to the lack of proper attire of the bal participants as well as the noisy parading through the streets. Nonetheless, the bal endured until 1966 and was in it's golden age from 1915 through the 1930s.

Above is the cover of a special issue of EROS magazine devoted to the Bal des 4'Zarts, published in Paris, circa 1922 with text by Parisian artist and writer Andre Warnod. It includes full-page facsimiles of the original, small format posters created by beaux-arts students + photographs of the participants as well as a basic history by Warnod. The following five illustration are from this special issue.

 Poster for the 1920 Bal by P.Labbe

 Poster for the 1914 Bal by Georges Barbier

 Costumed participants photographed during the parade

 Poster for 1921 by P.Labbe

 Costumed participants (togas were popular for many years) photographed 
during the parade

 Original photograph 4.5" x 6.25" circa 1923 showing a  
large group of participants

The next eight illustrations are scans of the original posters from a collection assembled approx. 10 years ago. They measure from 5" x 7" to 6.5" x 12". The posters were beautifully printed, most often by letterpress on quality art-paper. In most instances the posters served a dual purpose: to promote the bal and also to provide a ticket for each one of the participants for entry to the after parade party. After paying for the ticket it was rubber-stamped and signed by members of the committee.

Poster with ticket attached, 1932

Poster with ticket removed, 1913

Poster with ticket attached, 1924

Poster with ticket attached + signatures and rubber stamp, 1925

Poster will ticket attached, 1923

Poster with ticket attached, 1925

Small format announcement, 1920

Poster with ticket attached + signatures and rubber stamp. Note signature 
of Leo Fontan artist, illustrator and editor 
of La Vie Parisienne

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